Birds Diseases

Birds Diseases

the most Diseases affect ornamental birds

The birds Diseases or the  ornamental birds are many and varied but at the same time frequent among many species of birds raised at home. In this article we will mention the most important diseases of pet birds and treatment at home.

In most cases, ornamental birds are exposed to a lot of diseases, which causes different depending on the type. Some diseases occur as a result of the bird’s exposure to severe currents of air due to the bird’s position in the open air. Others may be caused by a lack of attention to hygiene, healthy food for birds and many other reasons.

Each disease has its own symptoms, which vary according to the type of disease and its severity.

The most important diseases of pet birds and treatment at home

first disease : Diarrhea in birds

Diarrhea in birds is one of the most common diseases where many ornamental birds are exposed to this disease. Two types of the disease include white diarrhea, Which is the most dangerous type, And the second, which is called green diarrhea.

Symptoms:

For white diarrhea in birds, The symptoms are the discharge of liquid discharges, which carry white color, And will show the bird signs of loss of appetite and the incidence of severe lethargy.

For green diarrhea, the symptoms are severe suffering during defecation.

the reasons:

Eat too much water, eat spoiled foods, or be exposed to colds.

the cure of disease:

The bird must be isolated from the rest of the other birds so as not to spread the infection, While refraining from giving him some types of vegetables and fruits that contain large amounts of water, Including grapes, apples and adherence to a balanced health system.

Keep your bird’s cage clean from feces, dirt, or other waste

It is possible to give the bird two drops of olive oil, Which helps to get rid of harmful substances in the body, And should keep the bird with diarrhea from the water as much as possible to fully recover.

In case the bird does not recover, Visit the nearest veterinary clinic to carry out the diagnosis and treatment.

second  disease : constipation disease in pet birds

Constipation is the infrequent or difficult evacuation of feces, which are typically dry and hard

Symptoms:

Difficulty during the process of excrement, and a slight swelling in the stomach.

The causes of disease

Constipation is mainly due to the quality of food provided to the bird. For example, eating more boiled eggs and not providing any other types of foods, especially vegetables, lead to constipation.

the cure of disease :

In this case, you can rely on olive oil, So that the bird is given two points of it, with the provision of fresh vegetables and fruits under the supervision of the veterinarian.

Third disease: tuberculosis

Tuberculosis in birds is an infectious disease that ornamental birds are often exposed to.

One of the main symptoms of tuberculosis is the incidence of diarrhea, especially if the infection in the digestive system.

If the infection in the respiratory system is accompanied by symptoms of coughing, As the bird loses its vitality and activity significantly and become lethargy and severe wasting with a significant loss of appetite.

The causes of disease

Neglect of hygiene and not to get rid of waste and dirt, which is a key source of the growth of many bacteria, microbes and germs, Which quickly transmitted to birds.

the cure of disease :

Treatment of tuberculosis in birds begins by cleaning the cage and vessels regularly from time to time, giving the bird antibiotics from time to time.

After that you must rely on some types of foods that contain nutrients and vitamins useful such as honey and various types of fresh vegetables.

But in addition you should consult your veterinarian for some antibiotics that help to fully recover the bird quickly.

The fourth disease: cold and cold disease

Colds in birds often occur in winter, when the weather is very cold with sudden climatic changes.

Symptoms of cold in birds are difficult during the process of breathing and note the presence of mucous secretions in the nose, And if not treated cold quickly it can develop later to severe pneumonia.

the cure of disease :

Provide a favorable climate, so that it is isolated in a warm place away from severe air currents.

Add some drugs according to the situation and severity according to the instructions of the veterinarian

Fifth disease: Typhoid in birds:

It is an acute disease that many birds are exposed to infection

The main symptoms of typhoid are anorexia and severe lethargy.

Noting the presence of some smelly secretions, and the symptoms of frequent drinking water for the bird and shows it clearly, And the treatment is to give the bird some antibiotics, specifically “tramycin.”

Other diseases:

There is other diseases that could Infect the birds and this is some of those diseases.

First disease: Newcastle disease:

This disease is considered one of the most serious viral diseases to which birds are exposed, And has not yet been found appropriate treatment.

Second disease: lice disease:

Which is found in the summer, which is characterized by severe heat and more concentrated around the area of ​​the neck and wing.  And the most important symptoms of severe itching, and treatment is concerned with the permanent hygiene of birds.

Third disease :scabies.

Its  considered a fungal disease that birds are infected .In this case must isolate the bird in its own place, And the use of medical ointments prescribed by the attending physician.

Fourth disease: Parrot fever disease:

the most important symptoms of anorexia and shortness during the process of breathing, with a severe diarrhea.

How to Take Care of small Turtles in the home in easy way

small turtle

how to take care of small turtles

1/Create a large basin for the turtle

It is necessary to allocate a large rectangular glass basin for small turtles depending on the number and size of the turtles.

The glass basin should have a place for rocks, another for water and a place for small turtles to get out of the water to dry.

2/ Place a water heater:

The breeder should be keen to put a water heater in the aquarium because small turtles are organisms that can not regulate the temperature of their bodies so cold water can cause a lot of health problems. So we will need to regulate the water temperature to fit the small turtle by installing the water heater.

Most small turtles need a temperature between 30 – 33 degrees Celsius. You should also make sure that the heater cover is made of plastic or metal, not glass, so that it does not break under any pressure, taking care to check the water temperature from time to time using the thermometer.

3 /Plentiful enough space

Make sure that small turtles can get out of the water until they are completely dry.The dry land area should be about 25% of the glass basin.

Sometimes turtles need to rest and go out on land to dry or perhaps to eat. Therefore, it is very useful to pay attention to the availability of land area for small turtles within the aquarium, because the land area helps the turtle to feel an environment similar to its natural environment and this provides the turtle longer life and better health.

Use a water filter and clean it

You can use a water filter to avoid changing water more than once a day.

The filter will also help to purify water from impurities and small bacteria that may cause turtle disease.

4 /Use the air pump

A highly efficient water pump should be used to preserve oxygen in the water and to stop the growth of anaerobic bacteria that cause the aquarium to be dirty and this poses a serious risk to the turtle’s health.

Place the plants in the aquarium

It is essential to give the aquarium a natural look and make it look like a real natural environment

It also has many benefits, including cleaning the aquarium from bacteria, carbon dioxide and various pollutants that lead to the growth of unwanted algae.

Some believe that this step is not important but it is very useful in how to care for the small amphibian turtles and provide the best environment for them.

5/daily nutrition

Little turtles like to eat a lot of food to grow healthy and natural.

Turtles can eat all their seasoned foods, preferably under the supervision of a veterinarian.

It is necessary to provide all kinds of foods and good diversification so that turtles can get all the nutrients necessary for their healthy growth.

Diverse food is the best way to ensure small turtles stay healthy.