The following article reviews Methods of decision-making in animals, Contrary to the notion that animals are not organized, this is evident from baboons passing through bees, not ants, this interesting article explores exciting concepts in the animal world.
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decision making in animals
At present, the ballot box is one of the means by which group decisions are made, but in the past, people have used many ways to vote to express their views throughout history. However, we are not the only ones living (or seeking to live) in a democratic society: according to a new study that African wild dogs vote for group decisions.
Studies on how the animals make decisions
A new study finds that these dogs sneeze in order to decide to stop rest and start hunting. The researchers found that sneezing rates during greeting meetings – which occur after, or sometimes during the break – affect the likelihood that the group will leave for hunting instead of returning to sleep. If dominant members start the meeting, it is more likely that this will lead to hunting, and it takes two or three sneezes for the group to start. But if a lesser member wants to start fishing, they have to sneeze a lot – about 10 times – to get the group out. Researchers believe that this sneezing represents the way the group members vote on the timing of the start of hunting, especially since the less orderly (and therefore the most hungry) dogs often start meeting.
Joint decisions are essential for social life, and in the animal world, it is rare to find a social system in which an individual forces the rest of the group to take action. But since animals cannot carry out so-called pre-election propaganda popular with human politicians, social groups must have different ways of proposing and gaining consensus to carry out activities. Or implement decisions
Some methods of decision making in animals
Baboons monkey: Follow or leave
When members of the baboon set out to search for food, many members may take different directions. Other members of the group must decide the direction they are taking, and social dominance does not affect the decision that the majority will take. Deliberate action appears to be an important factor in forcing other individuals to follow the same trend – a parallel behavior to humans, especially as people follow the person who seems more confident.
Voice Ballot in Meerkat animal
In the groups of Meerkat, social cohesion is vital for survival and must move from one place to another together. A single Meerkat will soon become a thing of the past. In order for the group to move quickly to a new location, someone will issue a “call to action.” If three or more robbers issue calls for action within a short period of time, the total will speed up their movement, but two or fewer calls will not affect the speed of movement. In the world of Sarakites, number three is clearly unanimous.
“Shouts” of the intermittent Capuchin monkey
White-faced Capuchin monkeys have been spotted at a site in Costa Rica and use “trill” calls to persuade the group to move in the direction favored by the monkey that launched the call. However, calling monkeys did not always succeed in moving the group, and the situation within the group did not appear to be influenced by the likelihood of persuading the group to act. Although researchers have not thought about the possibility that these calls represent a form of voting, there are similarities between their use of these calls and the sneezing technique used by wild dogs.
voting of Bees among them
Honey bees have an advanced social system with working bees, which have different tasks. When a nest is crowded and some bees need to move out, poll bees go on a mission to find a suitable location to build a new nest. Of course, all bees find different locations and some may find more than one.
When they return to the swarm, each bee performs a dance that indicates the directions of each chosen location. Over time, some reconnaissance bees will stop advertising their location, and a few will turn to another bee location. The squadron will only move when all the reconnaissance bees still dancing to advertise the same site. This process can take several days to complete, but it’s like buying a house without seeing it, according to real estate agents.
Ants vote with the foot
Rock ants, found in southern England, choose the new nest based on the quality of the site, with the size of the entrance and darkness within the established criteria. Ants seem to use a simple voting system, which is to leave the nest site if the ant does not realize that the quality of the site is high enough. When enough ants gather at the site, the quality of the site is considered appropriate (or perhaps the best that can be found in the area) and the ants move to it. If the quality later decreases, the ants move away to another location until enough colony leaves the original nest and joins the new site. This system is simple but apparently effective.
Voting in animals is not a subject that has been extensively studied, although political systems are common among social animals and well documented, but if a wild dog, thieves, and ants do, you can bet that other races do so as well.