- 1 The Arabian Horses The Ultimate Guide
- 1.1 The Arabian Thoroughbred
- 1.2 History & Heritage of the Arabian Horses
- 1.3 Arabian Horse Temperament and behavior
- 1.4 Characteristics of the Arabian Horses
- 1.5 Use of the Arabian Thoroughbred breed
- 1.6 Arabian Horse Care
- 1.7 Origin of the Arabian horses breed
- 1.8 Arabian Horses breeds
- 1.9 Genealogy of the Arabian horse
- 1.10 Arabian Horses Facts
The Arabian Horses The Ultimate Guide
The Arabian Thoroughbred
The Arabian Thoroughbred or The Arabian Horse is a horse native to the Middle East and known to be the most beautiful horse in the world. The Arabian Horses one of the oldest horse breeds known to date. Very enduring and elegant, he is at the origin of the birth of the Thoroughbred English and Anglo-Arab breed in France, and present in many other breeds of modern saddle horses around the world. Its equestrian sport of excellence is of course endurance since it was born for that.
The Arabian horses or just Arab Thoroughbred, originally living in the desert regions of the Middle East, is forged for life in extreme environments, hence its legendary strength and endurance. Nicknamed prince of the desert, he lived during the first millennium with nomadic Bedouins and gained his speed and robustness.
The first purebred Arabian horses arrived in France in the 8th century as war horses and as improvers of other breeds. It was much later, during the reign of Napoleon Bonaparte, that it was decided to promote it and breed it as a purebred.
It is the origin of many breeds, such as the Arab-beard, the Appaloosa, the Arab Frisian, the Arab-Boulogne, the Arab Halfinger, the aralusian , the Aratel , and of course the Anglo-Arab and the English Thoroughbred .
History & Heritage of the Arabian Horses
The cohabitation between men and horses began thousands of years ago. It is estimated that their domestication began between 4000 and 8000 BC. The Arabian horse or Arabian Thoroughbred, now widespread all over the world, is one of the oldest equine breeds that we know.
The cohabitation between men and horses began thousands of years ago. It is estimated that their domestication began between 4000 and 8000 BC. Horses are indeed very represented in art since prehistoric times and omnipresent in the remains of ancient civilizations found by archaeologists all over the world, horse bones have for example been found in human graves, equipment such as bits or other types of harness, or traces of horse enclosures near dwellings.
It is assumed that the first purpose of their domestication was for men to have a “food reserve” because the breeding of equines provided particularly rich mare meat and milk. But the many qualities of the horse, fast, sporty, enduring, and generous, finally made him an indispensable element in human populations. Horses were first used for hunting and controlling herds in captivity, then for transporting men and materials, and finally for cultivation and for war. A selection was therefore gradually made, the morphology of the horses evolved little by little depending on the skills sought, for example towards the selection of saddle type horses to be ridden or draft type horses for the traction of heavyweights,
The Arabian horses or Arabian Thoroughbred is one of the oldest equine breeds that we know. The origins of this breed are in Asia and the Middle East. Indeed, the paintings and bones found during archaeological excavations prove the existence thousands of years ago on the Arabian Peninsula of horses very similar to the Arab breed that we know today. Used to evolve in a desert environment and to endure a harsh climate, these horses were domesticated by the Bedouin tribes. For centuries, the latter has carried out very selective breeding allowing to obtain particularly enduring, courageous, hardy individuals and have also selected them on criteria of beauty.
This breed was very noticed by the Pharaohs, then by the Muslims at the time of Mohammed, where the primordial place of these horses is attested in the Koran. Arabian Thoroughbreds were then exported across the world for trade and wars. For example, they arrived in France in the 7th century for the battle of Poitier. Later used for other wars, they were particularly appreciated by Napoleon Bonaparte who allowed the development of the breed in France, by imposing their breeding in purebred. They have also been widely used in crossbreeding to improve or create other breeds, we can for example cite the Thoroughbred (or English Thoroughbred) breed developed for races in England or the Anglo-Arabian used as a horse. sport.
The Arabian Thoroughbred is a small horse (on average barely more than 1.50 m at the withers), whose coat is generally bay, chestnut or gray, rarely black. They have a very expressive head, well-defined nostrils, a broad and flat forehead, small ears, and a rectilinear or concave muzzle. They have a short back, the primitive lines even have the particularity of having 17 ribs instead of 18 in other horses and 5 lumbar vertebrae instead of 6. The attachment of the tail is high with a raised port characteristic of the race. The limbs are fine and dry, the skin is fine, the hair silky. Today they are mainly used in endurance and at a high level because it is their favorite discipline! But also in racing (Arabian horse racing), in the show (presentation of particularly typical Arabian horses),
Arabian Horse Temperament and behavior
Arabian Horses Temperament
For centuries, Arabian horses lived in the desert in close association with humans. In search of refuge and protection from theft, the war prized mares are sometimes kept in their owner’s store, close to the children, and the daily life of the family. Only horses with a naturally fit willingness to breed were allowed, with the result that Arabs today have a good temperament which, among other examples, makes them one of the few breeds in the United States. Equestrian Federation rules allow Boys exhibit studs in almost all show ring classes, including those that are limited to riders under the age of 18.
On the other hand, the Arab is also classified as a race of “hot blood”, a category that includes other refined horses bred for speed cheerful, as the Akhal-Teke, the tongue, and thoroughbreds. Like other hot blood, Arab sensitivity and intelligence allow for quick learning and increased communication with your riders; However, their intelligence also allows them to learn bad habits as soon as good ones, and they do not tolerate inept or abusive training practices. Some sources claim that it is more difficult to train a “hot-blooded” horse. Although most Arabs have a natural tendency to cooperate with humans, when treated poorly, like any horse, they can become overly nervous or anxious, but rarely become less serious vicious, messed up, or abused. extremes. At the other end of the spectrum, romantic myths were sometimes talked about Arabian horses that give them almost divine characteristics.
Arabian Horses behavior
The movement is free, expressive, and naturally balanced, so the horse moves lightly and easily on the ground. It should not be a stiff movement, without just lifting the feet off the ground, but there must be a good flexion in all the joints. The forelimbs must move freely, without restrictions, neither in the back nor in the knee, giving a long step, generated in the upper part of the back. The hocks go deep under the horse, giving it great drive and elasticity. The footprints should exceed the footprints left by the hands.
All of this, along with the high placement of the head and forelimb, leaves the center of gravity shifted further back than is normally seen in other breeds. The movement is so full of harmony that the horse seems to be floating in the air and dancing.
Seen from the front, the movement is completely straight. Viewed from behind, the Arabian horse can slightly hock the hocks when moved forward, especially in wide airs. (This is due to the need for the stifle to pass outside those curved ribs, especially if the horse tucks the hind ribs well, as it should.) Other family lines open from hocks, instead of closing. Both are alternative ways of overcoming an anatomical need.
When in motion, the horse has its head and tail held high.
Pride and joy are hallmarks of the Arabian horse, and they look great when on the move. It is then when you can see his best profile, his great activity, his arched neck, his tail held high and his dilated nostrils. It is also true that at this time some defects are seen more clearly.
Characteristics of the Arabian Horses
The very refined head and with the outstanding bone structure is one of the most distinctive characteristics of the Arabian horse.
Chape of the Arabian Horses
In lateral view, it is wedge-shaped, the cheek is wide and the jaw is reduced towards a fine snout that fits in the palm of the hand. The position of the eye is relatively lower than in other races and the eye is very dark brown. It is not considered a defect that looks white around the eye, just like in the human eye. The nostrils, when the animal is at rest, have an orientation in parallel with the profile of the face and can be very expressive. The maxillary bones are large and well defined, with plenty of space between them (a closed fist must fit between them.) – leaving room for the throat. The branches of the lower jaw are straight and non-convex and meet in a well-marked groove on the chin.
The lower lip is narrow and some mares can wear it loose, even hanging when they are relaxed, but if something catches their attention or is excited, they press it against the teeth. The mouth is long and with a friendly expression. A certain concavity (negative), in profile, below the eyes, is desirable but by no means essential.
Arabian Horse Head
The forehead can be flat or slightly convex (jibhá).
In frontal view, the head seems to have a broad forehead, well-separated and prominent eyes, very well defined maxillary bones, and a small muzzle. The nostrils, however, are large with a fine rim and a slight upward curve. They are very flexible with a great capacity for expansion. The ears are relatively close together, with very delicate and expressive lines, often with the tips curved inwards. Mares may have slightly larger ears than stallions.
Arabian Horse tail
A characteristic of Arabian horses, which distinguishes it from other breeds, is its high tail, arching from the hindquarters, or carried vertically like a flag, especially if the horse is moving or excited. If he is very excited, the Arab can fold his tail over his rump.
It is not a defect that the horse has its tail slightly offset to one side.
Arabian Horse size
The hands are more rounded and open, the feet more oval, both with a smooth surface that appears polished. The hull is very hard and the angle of the hull, similar to that of the pastern, approximately 45º, although the later ones usually have a little less inclination than the previous ones.
Many Arabs have a small indentation in the neck board, which is known as the footprint of the Prophet.
The breed standard indicated by the United States Equestrian Federation describes the Arabian horse as standing between 14.1 to 15.1 hands (57 to 61 inches, 145 to 155 cm) tall, “with the occasional individual above or below. ” Therefore, all Arabs, regardless of height, are classified as “horses,” although 14.2 hands (58 inches, 147 cm) is the traditional height of cut between a horse and a pony. A common myth is that Arabs are not strong because they are relatively small and refined. However, the Arabian horse is characterized by higher bone density than other breeds, short-barreled round, feet, and abroad, short back, all of which give breed physical strength comparable to many taller animals. Therefore, even a smaller Arab can carry a heavy rider. For work on horse weight matters, such as farm work performed by a draft horse, any lighter weight horse is at a disadvantage. However, for most purposes, the Arabian is a strong and durable light horse breed capable of performing any type of rider in most equestrian activities.
Arabian Horses Coat
The hair is very fine and silky, – so fine that you can see the veins and marks on the skin through it. There is very little hair around the eyes and on the muzzle, which gives them the look of wearing makeup (kohl). The skin is very refined with a velvety touch and very dark black, except in areas where there are natural white markings, where the skin is pink. The fineness of the skin is such that blood vessels are seen through it. The mane and tail are fine and silky, not excessively crowded and of a natural length.
The limbs and the cernejas have little hair.
Arabian Horse Coat Coloration
The Arabian Horse Association records purebred horses with the bay, gray, chestnut, black, and roan colored cape. Bay, gray, and chestnut are the most common; black is less common. The classical roan gene does not seem to exist in the Arabs; rather, Arabs registered by breeders as “roan” is generally expressed as Rabican or, sometimes, Sabine patterns with roan characteristics. All Arabs, regardless of their coat color, have black, white skin except under the markings. Black leather provides protection against the intense desert sun.
this is one of the most famous arabian horses colors :
White Arabian horses
There are very few Arabs horses registered as “white” in a white coat, pink skin, and dark eyes from birth. These animals are believed to manifest a new form of dominant target, a result of a pointless mutation in DNA tracking to a single calf stud in 1996.
Gray Arabian horse
Although many Arabs appear to have a “white” coat of hair, they are not genetically “white”. This color is normally created by the natural action of gene gray, and virtually all white-looking Arabs are actually gray.
Rabicano is a pattern that includes roan-like white “ticking,” intermixed white and dark hairs that appear along the barrel and flank, sometimes extending vertically along the rib cage. It also is characterized by white hairs at the base of the tail, a trait colloquially called a “coon tail” or a “skunk tail.”
black Arabian horse
black, with no brown in the ears, muzzle, or flanks, has always been rare but is becoming more popular due to many breeding programs that have bred into certain lines known to produce the color.
Seal brown is another rare color in Arabians and is believed to be a close relative of black, but the horse will have brown in the flanks, ears, and muzzle. Desert name-Adham.
Bay Horse is a brown or reddish-brown horse with black points that were considered to be the original color of the Arabian. Bay also comes in various shades acquired through altering factors. Desert Name-Hamra
The chestnut is a loose term for horses of reddish tint with no black points, which appears in many shades as well. The mane and tail color of the chestnut group appears to be polygenic (not controlled by a single gene). Most mane and tail colors of the chestnut coloration group can be divided into four types: Dark, red, light, and flaxen. Desert Name-Ashqa
Use of the Arabian Thoroughbred breed
The Arabian Thoroughbred is the ultimate endurance horse, born for that, it has incredible cardiovascular conditioning with very thin skin allowing it a good caloric transfer by dissipating the internal body heat produced by the work of the muscles. It represents more than three-quarters of registrations for competitions.
He is also wanted for his skills in TREC and riding leisure, it can in fact participate in competitions of Show Jumping (Jumping) but at the amateur level. Its size and general morphology are major obstacles to this discipline. It may also be suitable for hitching or dressage for leisure.
We must also speak of a discipline exclusively created and reserved for Purebred Arabs, the Show. This discipline is a model and gait competition, presented in hand and focused on aesthetics and its presentation attitudes. The world championship takes place every year at the Paris horse show. The show participates in the main breeding axis of the breed in the world.
the Arabian Horses and endurance races
The origins of the Arabian Thoroughbred breed lie in Asia and the Middle East. Indeed, thousands of years ago, on the Arabian Peninsula, equines very similar to the Arabian horses that we know today, were domesticated by the Bedouin tribes. These animals, used to evolve in a desert environment and to endure a harsh climate, were particularly hardy. For centuries, the Bedouins then carried out very selective breeding allowing to obtain particularly enduring and courageous individuals, and also selected them on criteria of beauty. Arabian Thoroughbreds were then exported across the world for trade and wars. For example, they were particularly appreciated by Napoleon Bonaparte who allowed the development of the breed in France, by imposing their breeding in purebred. The Arabian thoroughbred is today a small horse (on average barely more than 1.50 m at the withers), very expressive, with a short back, a rectilinear or concave muzzle, thin limbs, and a skin. fine. This breed is now present all over the world, used for races, inarab-horse-2dressage, show jumping, driving, hiking … but above all in endurance and often at a high level because it is his favorite discipline! Indeed, by virtue of their morphology and their character, Arabian horses are now extremely enduring animals and therefore excellent candidates in endurance races.
Arabian Horse speed
Given its speed, and its elegance when walking, references to the Arabian horse in history show how the breed was known as “ horse capable of flying without wings”.
The peculiar origin of these animals has led to the existence of numerous legends about their emergence. Among them, the one that affirms that the Arabian horse is actually the fastest horses breed it can reach 45,36 mph
Arabian Horse Care
One of the points that most affects when acquiring an Arabian horse is its teeth, hence the famous expression “gift horse do not look at the tooth.”
An annual visit to the dentist is one of the most essential recommendations in the care of the Arabian horse, seeking to ensure the best oral health of the animal.
Another point to take into account is its visual capacity, fundamental to carry out the physical activities for which this species is sought; For this, performing visual examinations frequently will be of great help to rule out any disease.
One of the most common diseases of Arabian horses is cerebellar abiotrophy, a hereditary neurological pathology that has no treatment but can be prevented by selecting parents that do not have this gene.
Other congenital diseases can affect the eyes or ears, although colic can also occur in these animals, the causes of which may be anatomical conditions of the horse, excess physical activity, or errors in feeding.
Arabian Horse price
How much it cost for Arabian horse ?
Those who understand more about the world of horses seek information on the price of the Arabian horse, for their acquisition in search of taking advantage of the great advantages they offer.
The price of the Arabian horse can be very variable depending on its physical characteristics, so the range of its price can range from 500 to 7,000 euros in those animals that show greater strength, agility, and resistance.
How to Adopt or Buy an Arabian Horse
The average price for an Arabian horse ranges from around $5,000 to $20,000, with horses from prized bloodlines sometimes costing considerably more. Because Arabians are a popular breed, they are fairly easy to find at reputable horse rescues or breeders.
Make sure the organization can give you adequate information on the horse’s health, temperament, and history. And if possible, have your own vet check out the horse before you decide to bring it home. Also, spend time with the horse, and have the organization show you how it has been trained. If you ever feel the organization is not being transparent or rushing you through this process, you might consider looking elsewhere for your horse.
Origin of the Arabian horses breed
The fact that there are archaeological remains of 4,500 years ago of horses very similar to the Arabs horse and that artistic references of some 2500 years before Christ have been found, denoting the antiquity and purity of the race.
As we have previously mentioned, its origin is located in the Arabian Peninsula. The towns that inhabited there, among which the Bedouins especially stand out, were responsible for the first time for the breeding and selection of animals based on blood currents.
The Bedouin defended his horse against possible contamination from maladjusted blood. In this way, the selection based on the ideals of the breeder gave way to the family lines through the maternal line, as marked by the customs of the Bedouins.
The objective was to get a horse that would have the necessary resistance and speed to assure its rider the triumph in battles and long movements.
For this purpose, they reached a high-quality thoroughbred; which has made the Arabian horse the origin of the world’s light horses.
But not only the labors of these peoples were fundamental in the appearance of the race. This breeding, together with the isolation of the selected horses, due to the extension and conditions of the desert, meant little contact with other breeds, which collaborated in the selection.
In addition, in relation to the participation of the environment in this process, it stands out that the references and discoveries of the time tell how the horses were fed with camel milk, camel dry meat, dates … What favored the survival, only, of the stronger.
The documents show that when Muhammad arrives in these lands and knows for himself the capabilities of the Arab horses, already famous in the surroundings, he decides to turn the breeding of pure horses into a religious duty.
With this decision, this thoroughbred collaborates in the spread of Islam, participating in the conquests of groups led by Islam and in the Holy War.
In fact, some religious texts show the importance of the horse in this area. It is stated, in relation to the Holy War, that preparing a horse that reaches it in good condition, supposes merit that is even more relevant than many religious practices.
In this way, thanks to religion, the Arabian horse spread through Egypt, North Africa, Spain, France, and after the crusades in Northern Europe and Great Britain.
Today it is bred and exported worldwide. Its importance in the evolution of many races is very important. Among them, it stands out to be the ancestor of the English Pure Blood. In addition, it is one of the most demanded the development of breeds with similar objectives.
The Arabian Horse Today
With today’s prices comparable with other popular breeds, excellent Arabian horses are now accessible to a broad base of horse enthusiasts. And, with more living Arabian horses in the U.S. than in all the other countries in the world combined, America has some of the best horses and breeding farms from which to choose.
Development and Selection
The development of the type, temperament, and other characteristics is the result of the selection. Natural selection has been very important in that world as hostile as the desert, where only the strongest and healthiest survived; however, this is no longer a relevant factor.
Selection through in-breeding, or inbreeding, and line-breeding, or crossings following a family line, helps to fix certain desired characteristics by reducing variations in type. However, too much inbreeding can affect fertility, or produce unwanted effects; therefore, outcrossing, or crossing with different lines, is essential.
The purity of the race among the Bedouins has achieved thanks to its isolation in the desert. Raids on other tribes, or Razias, gave them the opportunity to get renowned mares and thus renew blood. Also, certain Tibus that had very good quality mares were willing to travel long distances in order to cover them with a large stallion belonging to another tribe.
Arabian Horse Reproduction
The subject of the reproduction of the Arabian horse requires knowledge about these animals: the Arabian horse reaches its sexual maturity at 4 years of age, its sexual activity being greater between the months of February and July.
To recognize the zeal of the Arabian horse, you can see that they show greater excitement and restlessness, in the form of intense neighs or, even, for showing erection in their sexual organ.
To intuit that a female Arabian horse is pregnant, you can see that she has more appetite, swollen breasts, and that the heat has disappeared.
In the period of pregnancy, the female should not be forced without riding or walking her too much.
Pure Arabian blood: one breed, several disciplines
The thoroughbred Arab is a saddle horse that combines grace, gentleness, endurance, and robustness. He is also a legendary horse, the origin of which gives rise to many fantasies. If the thoroughbred Arabian is a horse very appreciated for its bravery and its placid temperament, it remains nevertheless delicate and willingly fiery. Here is everything you need to know about the purebred Arabian breed, eternal emblem of the Orient.
Due to its small size, the Arabian Thoroughbred is easy to handle and goes everywhere. Because of his bravery, he is one of the most versatile horses in the world, which does not shine only for his endurance.
The Arabian horse is particularly appreciated in TREC (competition horse riding technique). Its character and robustness make it an ideal horse for this discipline, which combines long distances and varied obstacles. It is the same for leisure riding: lovers of hiking and long horseback riders will particularly appreciate this carrier breed.
The thoroughbred Arab also has fluid and airy gaits, as well as good learning skills that allow him to shine in dressage. Its potential in this discipline is however under-exploited, many riders preferring its endurance qualities. In addition, the dressage judges are not particularly fond of his too raised head carriage, nor his very horizontal gait.
There are also horse races dedicated to pure Arabian blood. By tradition, these take place mainly in the Middle East, but tend to become more and more democratized in France, and more widely in Europe. It should not be forgotten, moreover, that the Arabian Thoroughbred is at the origin of a cross-cut for the race: the English Thoroughbred.
Showjumping is the only discipline that is not suitable for the Arabian horse. Although very maneuverable, the latter is indeed a small horse, with thin, lean limbs and grazing gaits. After all, is not Jappeloup who wants! These drawbacks therefore quickly limit its ability to take obstacles, in addition to propulsion which often leaves much to be desired due to a poorly developed rear compared to other breeds of horses.
Arabian Horses breeds
Arabian Horse Breeds When it comes to the Arabian Breed of Horses, they can be found partially in the middle east of most Arabian countries. Here, I will take you through the few different kinds of Arabian Horse Breeds, and what makes them what they are.
The Alkhailan breed
The Alkhailan breed Horses of The Alkhailan Breed, whether male or female are of the same when it comes to strength and shape. Standing at an average height of 152.4 cm, they have short heads, with both a broad forehead and jaw. These beauties are also commonly found in the colors of gray and chestnut.
The horses of the Saqlawy Dynasty are distinguished by their appearance and gracefulness of feminine nature. Unlike the Alkhailan Breed, The Saqlawry has vibrant faces, longer necks, and is smaller in height. The Saqlawry Breed can reach a height of approximately 144.2 cm and are known for their speed more than they are known for their endurance.
The Al-Abyan breed The horses of the Al-Abyan can be distinguished by their small size and longer necks. Usually, their height does not exceed 144.2 cm, and their necks compared to the other Arab horse breeds are longer. They can also be spotted by their coats, which are generally gray with the appearance of white spots.
Horses of the Al-Hamdani breed are one of the largest species of Arabian horses in size, reaching a height of 154.4 cm. Not only can they be distinguished by their size, but they can also be by the straight heads. When it comes to their coat, the most common color is gray. Headband breed: Horses of the Hadban breed are similar to Hamdanian horses, but they are smaller than their size, with an average height of 145.2 cm, and are characterized by their large bones, strong muscle structure, and the most common color is brown.
These horses are distinguished for not only being luxurious, but as well for having a long head, long neck, and being massive in size. Another difference of this breed is their face, that differs from other Arab horses in its many angles, hairy nostrils, and small eyes.
These stubborn horses preserve their authenticity if they remain pure without mixing with different strains. Any mixing at any stage of its development leads to a deterioration in its value and the demise of its originality. Many of this breed came to Europe, on top of which is the most famous Arab horse Darley (who is considered the grandfather of the race known as Thorbard). Among its most essential branches are Al-Maanaki, Galfan, and Abu Arqoub; Al-Samman, Al-Saadian, Al-Subaili, Al-Hydroj, Al-Khalidi, and Al-Kubaishan. In general, Al-Maanki is considered the best Arabian horse for enemy and race purposes.
Genealogy of the Arabian horse
Good and dark-eyed (and pupillary are round black in the centre of the eye, and the meaning meant good looking and splendour of this part of the eye), With black belly pups, and it was named after Hijazi in relation to the country of Hijaz.
She is long-necked, small-headed, beautiful in strength, low in the flesh of face and cheeks, delicate ears, broad bones, large stomachs, thick thighs, and she is very strong and fast with signs of goodness on her face.
The legs are thick (the thickness of the legs), their necks tend to palace, and they are rounded (meaning that the body has a suitable roundness), rough, light side (thin and not heavy), with sharpness in their thighs (the sharp thin edge of the horse’s rear).
They are beautiful in colour, broad in eyes, big in fatigue, soft hooves, bald foreheads, broader in intensity (widening of the sides of the mouth than under the cheek).
The Persian mare
It is the best of it, and its mark is the quality of its back (good end of its body) and its multiplicity, and the width of its edge (the widening of the sides of the knee) means the size of its knee, the width of its sponsor, the quality of its pupil, and it is called Al-Jaziri in relation to the Arabian Peninsula.
And he was called Al-Barqi relative to Burqa in Libya, and he is the most fearful of his marks, the roughness of his body, the welding of his chest (the large size of his chest meat), the large head, the thickening of his legs, and the capacity of his hooves (the large size of the horse’s feet).
It is the most abundant (the most active, the lightest and the most skilled) with accurate menus, long-necked and wristy, well-hooved, low-haired, bare-eared, and the Arabs of Bani Rashid and Mu’izz in Upper Egypt retain strains of the five, as well as Arab Tahawiya in Sharkia Governorate.
It is its origin, and its mark is a rib of the forehead (bone from the bones between the eyebrows to the forelock and it is curved and has a width), the shortness of his face, the lack of flesh of his cheeks, the rotation of his spine, and the erection of his socks (the hock is between the job and the fatness in the hind legs, meaning that the hocks are in a position My support according to the nature of its place to give the correct stance to the Persians), wiping his knees, legions leaf, and was called Khafaji relative to the name of a tribe.
And he is her most descending (most birth-shaped) offspring, with high faces, narrow nostrils, heavy menus, rounded posts (i.e. his ride takes the form of a rotation), long horsehair.
What is meant by Al-Afrangi (a non-Arab by a non-Arab father and mother) and he is the most frustrated of her cheese (a foreign horse, meaning that he does not have Arab origins or tends to side with him when he is taken, and it may be intended that he has distanced her from the authentic qualities of the Persians) so do not come to the horror (fear) and some of them break the fast ( It fissures the flesh, and the blood rises), and it explodes with blood, the sign of which is the thickest of its bodies, its necks, and its small breasts (the small size of the back of the tricks).
The whereabouts of the best Arabian horses
The Arabian horse originated initially in the Arab desert lands and spread from it to most of the countries of the world in which today there are more numbers than in its original homeland, European countries, America, Russia, and others began to import and raise Arab horses from the east. The sources indicate that The Arab horses that are found in Egypt are one of the purest Arab horses, and this is due to the interest of the rulers of Egypt throughout history in raising Arab horses, as breeders of Arab horses in Egypt are committed to this day to maintain the purity of the blood of these horses. Besides, they have Many researchers have dedicated their lives to documenting its origin.
Arabian Horses Facts
1 – Endurance
Bedouin tribes arose in the Arabian Peninsula Dating back to before 3000 BC, Arabs used their horses to travel and war because of their physical endurance. The Arabian horse has great lung capacity and great strength, which gives it the ability to travel long distances in desert conditions without great difficulty.
2 – They all have the same physical characteristics
Arabian horses always have black skin under their hair. The only exception to this skin quality is when there is white hair as part of her hair. The color of this skin is believed to be a means of the horse to be protected from the hot desert sun found in the Middle East.
3- Colors of the Arabian horse
Chestnut color is the most common hair color of the Arabian horse breed. Other color variations include black, gray, and brown. Some of them may be blond between dark and dark, but this hair color may not be recognized as part of the standard breed characteristics and may prevent the horse from registering.
4 – The skeleton is different from any other horse
Horses today have skeletons containing 18 pairs of ribs and six vertebrae. While the structure of the Arabian horse less with one paragraph and less than two bones. However, this did not affect its overall height or position compared to other horses. However, the average height of the Arabian horse is at least 57 to 61 inches and weighs between 850 to 1,000 pounds.
5 – The Arabian horse was given the title “Windy.”
This title was due to the high speed, strength and stamina. During the last days of the Egyptian Empire, these horses were often used to pull vehicles. Sometimes it has even been used for racing in addition to the benefits of having an Arabian horse in all places to meet transportation needs.
6- There are unique races for the Arabian horse breeds
Arabian horse racing events that have been included in specific breeds have been in the United States since 1959. The average race for Arabs is 6 furlong (one for measuring race distances and equal to 220 yards or eight miles) and the biggest event of the year is the Arabian Horse Cup.
7 – More than 500 shows of Arab horses are held annually
In the United States, more than 500 shows and events for the Arabian horse are held annually. These events are organized by the Equestrian Federation in the United States, and there are many different competitions available for the Arab race.
8- Arabian horses have many genetic concerns as a breed
There are seven specific genetic disorders that usually affect this breed of horse, which is more than the average for modern horse breeds today. This includes cerebellar atrophy, ponies purple syndrome, epilepsy, wobbling syndrome. Some immune system disorders are also common in this strain, as are some physical deformities.
9 – Arabian horses are among the few breeds of horses that can dance
Dancing can be a very powerful term, considering the techniques used to dance more like dressage techniques, and yet the tradition of Arabian horse dance dates back more than a century and is often included as an informal part of performances around the world.
10 – Mentioned in myths
Arab horses are a staple of many ancient myths.
11 – can trace the proportions of many Arab horses for hundreds of years
For the Bedouin tribes, the origins of each horse are traced through oral traditions. Hybrid horses with “impure blood” are banned, so very few genes are preserved, which helps increase the strength of the Arab bloodline while providing basic genetics for several other breeds of horses.
12 – Arabian horses were introduced to Europe due to the war
It is believed that the earliest horses with Arab genetics came to Europe when armies from Europe invaded Palestine, this was during the years of the Crusades, and the victorian knights often returned home with Arab horses as part of their victory. When other horse breeds were developed, the Arabian horse became the primary horse used in the equestrian teams.
13 – Arab horses in Europe came from one failed attack
In 1522, the Ottoman Empire sent over 300,000 mounted soldiers to northern Europe. The aim was to conquer Hungary and the surrounding region. The Hungarians, joined by the Polish armies, were able to defeat the Ottoman advance in 1529 near Vienna and seized the majority of the horses that were brought into the process. Many of these horses are now the main fathers of the main racing horses in Europe.
14 – One breeding process had a profound impact on the Arab breed
Crabstud Park was one of the most influential horse breeding farms across Europe. It started in 1877, and many trips were made to the Middle East so that the best Arabian horses could be brought to England for breeding. For nearly 100 years, this program has produced and exported world-class horses around the world, which has a significant positive impact on the breed.
The only thing that stopped Crabett Park was the construction of the highway through the property it was forced to sell. This is what led to the separation of horses and the end of the program, which can be said to be the cause of what the Arab race reached in the modern era and what it is today.
15 – In the early twentieth century, the Arab dynasty was almost destroyed
The Russian Revolution stopped almost all breeding programs for Arab horses, and World War I stopped most breeding programs as well. In Europe, it was believed that only 17 purebred Arabian horses remained by 1932 and that they were documented in the notebooks. More purebred horses were lost or died in the aftermath of World War II. There were only three educational programs.
16 – The end of the Cold War brought refreshment to the Arabian horse breed
Arabian horses were rare in the Americas until 1991 when the Soviet Union collapsed. Those in the Americas were often horses of half or a quarter of the breed. A few pure Arab horses were highly valued, and in the 1990s breeding programs began in the West and this interest led to the formation of the World Association of Arab Horses at the time of the formation of the European Union. Today Arabian horses can be traded all over the world.
17 – George Washington is a half-Arab horse in the Revolutionary War
One of General George Washington’s horses was called Pleskin. He was half an Arab, who was believed to have been born from an Arab horse and stallion and was owned by the Sultan of Morocco. There is an ancient tradition of owning Arabian horses by United States presidents. Martin Van Buren received two Arabian horses in 1840 as a gift, and Ulysses Grant gifted him an Arabian horse.
18 – All Arab horses in the Americans lost after the Civil War
There was a significant effort to breed Arabian horses in the United States in the mid-eighteenth century. It was known that Ken Richard specifically breeds and breeds Arabian horses, but all of his horses were lost during the Civil War. He was also suspected of crossbreeding Arabian and other purebred horses and had no known pure descendants.
The Arabian horse remains one of the most distinctive breeds of horses in the world today. These facts about the Arabian horse show that even if it is an ancient breed, it still has the ability to influence the modern world in many ways.
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