Foxes are omnivorous mammals that are light on their feet. They are often mistaken for other members of the Canidae family, which include jackals, wolves, and dogs. They stand out from their relatives because of their long, thin legs, lithe frame, pointed nose, and bushy tail.
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Different Types Of Foxes
All Species of foxes belong to the Canidae family, so they are closely related to other canids, such as dogs, jackals, or wolves. Depending on the place on the planet they inhabit, their morphology and appearance change, as well as their behavior, although in general some of these foxes can make a good pet.
What are the 12 species of Fox? how many species of foxes in the world!.and all species names of foxes. Continue reading this article from Animals Home, you will discover fascinating curiosities about this Wild Animal.
How many types of Foxes are there?
How many breeds of Foxes are there in the world? The truth is that throughout history There are 37 types of foxes, but only 12 belong to the genus “Vulpes” or “true foxes”, although some of them are already extinct. Thus, according to data provided by The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, for now, there are currently around 23 species of foxes known, However, The largest species of fox is known as the Red Fox. It is also the one most people are familiar with below we will talk about all the types of foxes that exist
in this article, you will read about the foxes’ scientific name and all the different types of foxes with picture .there is 6 genus of foxes :
1-Vulpes Foxes Species
Vulpes is a genus of the Caninae. The Species of Foxes members of this genus are colloquially referred to as true foxes, meaning they form a proper clade. The word “fox” occurs on the common names of species. True foxes are distinguished from members of the genus Canis, such as domesticated dogs, wolves, jackals, and coyotes, by their smaller size (5–11 kg) and flatter skull. They have black, triangular markings between their eyes and nose, and the tip of their tail is often a different colour from the rest of their pelt. The typical lifespan for these types of foxes is between two and four years but can reach up to a decade.
- Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes)
- Silver Fox
- Swift Fox(Vulpes velox)
- Arctic Fox(Vulpes lagopus)
- Fennec Fox(Vulpes zerda)
- Bengal or Indian Fox ( Vulpes bengalensis )
- Blanford Fox (Vulpes cana)
- Cape Fox(Vulpes chama)
- Corsac Fox(Vulpes corsac)
- Kit Fox(Vulpes macrotis)
- Pale Fox(Vulpes pallida)
- Rüppell’s Fox(Vulpes rueppellii)
- Tibetan Fox(Vulpes ferrilata)
Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes) or the silver fox
Red Fox It is the most common of the fox species. Known for its fur and great cunning, the red fox often lives in the northern hemisphere. It can be seen in grasslands, deserts, forests, and mountains. Its body is long and it has a dense fur and reddish color, its legs are usually dark like its pointed ears. Females reach sexual maturity at 10 months and build dens.
in some countries like Russia and USA and Uk, they use silver fox as a pet.
Swift Fox (Vulpes velox)
The Swift Fox or speedy fox may slightly remind us of the red fox, as its fur is also orange, but a shade browner. Also, it has some black and yellow spots, its body is lighter and it is small in size, similar to a cat.
Arctic fox (Vulpes lagopus)
The Arctic Fox is known for its spectacular winter coat, immaculate white. As a curious fact about this type of fox, we can say that the color of its coat turns brown during the warm months when the snow melts and the land emerges.
Fennec Fox (Vulpes zerda) or Desert fox
The Desert Fox, also known as Fennec Fox, has a very characteristic face, with very small eyes and exaggeratedly large ears.
Bengal or Indian Fox ( Vulpes bengalensis )
The Bengal Fox (Vulpes bengalensis), also known as the Indian fox, is a fox endemic to the Indian subcontinent and is found from the Himalayan foothills and Terai of Nepal through southern India and from southern and eastern Pakistan to eastern India and southeastern Bangladesh
Blanford Fox (Vulpes cana)
Blanford’s Fox (Vulpes cana) is a small fox (compared to other Species of Foxes) native to the Middle East and Central Asia. Blanford’s foxes are small foxes with large ears and long, bushy tails with long, dark guard hairs.
Cape Fox (Vulpes chama)
The Small Cape Fox looks as cuddlesome as it does beautifully. It is also known as the silver jackal, cama (or kama) fox, and silver-backed fox; and it is found throughout the grass plains and semi-arid parts of southern Africa.
Corsac Fox (Vulpes corsac)
The Corsac Fox (Vulpes corsac), also known simply as a corsac, is a medium-sized fox this Species of Foxes is found in steppes, semi-deserts, and deserts in Central Asia
Kit Fox (Vulpes macrotis)
The Kit Fox has a somewhat different appearance than other species of foxes. It has a very thin and slender body, reddish-grayish in color, with a black tail tip and large ears. It is the smallest species of fox.
Pale Fox (Vulpes pallida)
The Pale Fox (Vulpes pallida) is a species of foxes found in the band of African Sahel from Senegal in the west to Sudan in the east. It is one of the least studied of all canid species, in part due to its remote habitat and its sandy coat that blends in well with the desert-like terrain.
Rüppell’s Fox (Vulpes rueppellii)
The Rüppell Fox ( Vulpes rueppellii ), also called the sand fox, is a species of carnivorous mammal of the Canidae family that inhabits North Africa and Western Asia, from Morocco and the Sahel to the mountains of Afghanistan. Its specific name was given in honor of the German naturalist Eduard Rüppell.
Tibetan Fox (Vulpes ferrilata)
The Tibetan Fox ( Vulpes ferrilata) also known as Tibetan fox or sand fox, is a type of medium-sized fox that highlights its voluminous tail that is quite large in relation to its compact body. But beyond their appearance, these canids are striking for their remarkable adaptability, being able to inhabit localities with an altitude of more than 5,000 meters above sea level in the Tibet region.
2-Urocyon Foxes Species
Urocyon (from the Greek word for “tailed dog”) is a genus of canid which includes the gray fox (Urocyon cinereoargenteus) and the island fox (Urocyon littoralis). These two fox species are found in the Western Hemisphere and the third species is Cozumel Fox which is already extinct. Whole-genome sequencing indicates that Urocyon is the most basal genus of the living canids. Fossils of what is believed to be the ancestor of the gray fox, Urocyon progresses, have been found in Kansas and date to the Upper Pliocene, with some undescribed specimens dating even older.
- Island Fox (Urocyon littoralis)
- Gray Fox (Urocyon cinereoargenteus)
- Cozumel Fox (Urocyon sp. nov)
Island Fox (Urocyon littoralis
The Island Fox or island Gray fox ( Urocyon littoralis ) is no longer listed as critically endangered by the IUCN. Fortunately, it has become ‘close to the threat’, which means that you do not have to let your guard down but you are no longer threatened. This is so since the last revision in July 2013.
Gray Fox (Urocyon cinereoargenteus)
The Gray Fox (Urocyon cinereoargenteus), or grey fox, is an omnivorous mammal of the family Canidae, widespread throughout North America and Central America. This species and its only congener, the diminutive island fox (Urocyon littoralis) of the California Channel Islands, are the only living members of the genus Urocyon, which is considered to be the most basal of the living canids.
Cozumel Fox (Urocyon sp. nov)
The Cozumel Fox is a critically endangered or extinct small gray fox found on the island of Cozumel, Mexico. The last reported sighting was in 2001, but surveys focusing on this species have not yet been carried out.
3-Lycalopex Foxes Species
The South American Foxes (Lycalopex), a Species of Foxes commonly called Raposa in Portuguese, or Zorro in Spanish, are a genus from South America of the subfamily Caninae. Despite their name, they are not true foxes, but are a unique canid genus related to wolves and jackals; some of them somewhat resemble foxes due to convergent evolution.
- Hoary Fox or hoary zorro (Lycalopex vetulus)
- Pampas Fox (Lycalopex gymnocercus)
- Sechuran Fox (Lycalopex sechurae)
- Culpeo Fox (Lycalopex culpaeus)
- Darwin’s Fox ( Lycalopex fulvipes)
Hoary Fox or Hoary Zorro (Lycalopex vetulus)
The Hoary Fox ( Lycalopex vetulus ), also called raposinha-do-campo ( Portuguese for “meadow fox”), is a species of fox or “fake” fox endemic to Brazil. Unlike many other foxes, it feeds mainly on small invertebrates such as insects.
Pampas Fox (Lycalopex gymnocercus)
Pampas Fox Canid is one of the Species of Foxes that live in the Pampas of South America. They live a mostly solitary life, but they meet in the mating season and take care of the litter.
Sechuran Fox (Lycalopex sechurae)
Sichuan Foxes are the smallest species of fox in South America. They have a body length between 53 and 59 cm. Sechuran Foxes can be found in the grasslands and semi-arid areas of northwestern South America.
Culpeo Fox (Lycalopex culpaeus)
Culpeos Fox (Lycalopex culpaeus) is the largest member of the Species of Foxes found in South America from Ecuador to southern Chile and Argentina. They are found throughout the Andes and the Patagonian steppe of Argentina. They may also occur in the Narino Province of southern Colombia, but this is still uncertain.
Darwin’s Fox ( Lycalopex fulvipes)
Darwin’s fox or Darwin’s Zorro (Lycalopex Fulvipes) is an endangered canid from the genus Lycalopex. It is also known as the zorro chilote or zorro de Darwin in Spanish .this Species of Foxes lives in Nahuelbuta National Park (Araucanía Region), the Valdivian Coastal Range (Los Ríos Region) in mainland Chile and Chiloé Island.
4-Bat-Eared Fox (Otocyon megalotis)
The Bat-eared Fox is a small species of Fox, This African fox is known for its enormous ears, which are over 5 inches (13 centimeters) tall. The ears are full of blood vessels that shed heat and help keep the fox cool; they also give the animal a very good sense of hearing.
5-Crab-Eating Fox (Cerdocyon thous) forest Fox
Crab-Eating Fox, (Cerdocyon thous), is a Species of Foxes also called savanna fox or crab-eating dog, South American member of the dog family (Canidae), found in grassy or forested areas. It attains a length of 60–70 cm (24–28 inches), excluding a 30-cm tail, and has a gray to brown coat that is frequently tinged with yellow. It generally lives alone or in pairs and spends the day in a burrow, emerging at night to hunt for such foods as small animals, fruit, insects, turtle eggs, and fowl. It is easily tamed and is one of the Species of Foxes that can be kept as a pet.
6-Vulpes Skinneri Fox
Vulpes Skinneri is a species of extinct fox in the genus Vulpes of the early Pleistocene, identified based on fossil remains dated to about 2 million years ago. The species is known from a single partial skeleton discovered in the Malapa Fossil Site at the Cradle of Humankind World Heritage Site in South Africa and is associated with the fossil hominin remains of Australopithecus sediba. The fossils have been dated to between 1.977 and 1.980 million years ago. Hartstone-Rose and colleagues described the remains as a newly discovered species of fox, which they named skinneri after the African mammalogist John Skinner. It dated from the early Pleistocene and was identified based on fossil remains dated to about 2 million years ago.